One of the pre-requisites for international students seeking admission in foreign universities are admission tests such as SAT® / ACT ® / GMAT® /GRE® score. These scores are one the most important factors while considering admitting students by top ranked business schools. Example : for international student seeking admission in a US university, they will probably have to take an admissions test such as SAT for undergraduate or GRE/GMAT for post graduate course. Students should check with their cousellor to understand which exam is relevant to their course. There are times when some Universities offer exemption to these tests. These tests are a way universities assess different applications and decide between candidates. They are also a mechanism used by the admission staff to compare international students when many are coming from a variety of educational systems. Apart from Admission tests. International students coming from countries where English is not the first language will be expected to take an English Language Proficiency Exam too. Click on the links below to find information on each of the Admission tests and tests for English Proficiency : SAT Reasoning Test SAT Reasoning Test The SAT Reasoning Test is a three hour and forty-five minute test which examines three key areas – Critical Reading, Maths and Writing. For top courses, you may also be expected to take an SAT Subject Test, which examine your skills in specific subjects. The Subject Tests are one-hour multiple choice tests. Scores Each section of the SAT allows a score between 200-800 points, meaning that the overall score range is from 600-2,400. Test takers will be given both a raw score and a percentile mark. The higher the percentile mark, the better the student has done. Testing fees for SAT Reasoning Test: $50 registration fee + international processing fee of $31. First basic subject test: $23 registration fee + international processing fee of $31. The ACT The ACT is a two hour fifty-five minute test which also includes an optional 30 minute Writing section. Students are tested on English, Maths, Reading and Science Reasoning. Some universities see the ACT as more testing than the SAT Reasoning, as the ACT has a Science Reasoning section and the Maths module is measured at a higher level. Scores Scores for the four sections of the ACT range between 1 and 36 with 36 being the highest possible score. Test takers will be give an average composite score from the four tests taken as well as raw scale score compared to other test takers. Testing fee for the ACT - $34 registration + $27 international processing. Writing section is an additional $15.50. Graduate Record Examination(GRE) Graduate Record Examination(GRE) is a standardized test created by ETS (Educational testing service) Prospective graduate and business school applicants from all around the world who are interested in pursuing a master's, MBA, specialized master's in business or doctoral degree take the GRE General Test. Applicants come from varying educational and cultural backgrounds and the GRE General Test provides schools with a common measure for comparing candidates' qualifications. GRE scores are used by admissions or fellowship panels to supplement your undergraduate records, recommendation letters and other qualifications for graduate-level study. The GRE General Test is available at more than 1,000 test centers in more than 160 countries. In most regions of the world, the computer-delivered test is available on a continuous basis throughout the year. In Mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Korea, the computer-delivered test is available up to three times per month. In areas of the world where computer-delivered testing is not available, the paper-delivered test is available up to three times a year in October, November and February. The GRE General Test features question types that closely reflect the kind of thinking you'll do in graduate or business school. • Verbal Reasoning — Measures your ability to analyze and evaluate written material and synthesize information obtained from it, analyze relationships among component parts of sentences and recognize relationships among words and concepts. • Quantitative Reasoning — Measures problem-solving ability using basic concepts of arithmetic, algebra, geometry and data analysis. • Analytical Writing — Measures critical thinking and analytical writing skills, specifically your ability to articulate and support complex ideas clearly and effectively. Learn more about the GRE test Criteria Details Structure of the exam Two essays need to be written in the analytical writing section. This is followed by two Quantitative and two Verbal sections and one research section which may be Quantitative or Verbal. The order of Quantitative and Verbal sections is not fixed. Details of each section 1. Analytical writing 1st Essay: Analyze an issue – 30 mins, Write an essay about a specific topic 2nd Essay: Analyze an argument – 30 mins, write an essay that critiques a given argument Details of each section 2. Quantitative Each Quant section: 35 mins, 20 questions Basic high school level mathematical knowledge and reasoning skills are tested Details of each section 3. Verbal Each verbal section: 30 mins, 20 questions Assess Reading comprehension and vocabulary usage Details of each section 4. Integrated reasoning - Computer Adaptive Yes (Adjusting to a test taker’s level of ability) Grading Analytical writing (Scale of 6) Quant and Verbal sections: 170 points each Cost of the test $195 Validity of scores 5 years Test duration 3.5 hours – paper based 3.75 hours – Computer based Times it can be taken in a year 5 times GMAT - Graduate Management Aptitude Test More than 2,000 business schools worldwide trust the GMAT because it demonstrates your readiness for academic success. Quite simply, the GMAT lets you showcase the skills that matter most in business school and beyond. Accepted by more than 6,000 business and management programs worldwide, for nearly 60 years, the GMAT exam has been the test of choice by the world’s business leaders to get into the world’s leading business schools for one reason – it works. Quite simply, no other exam lets you showcase the skills that matter most in the business school classroom and in your career. Business schools use and trust the GMAT exam to make admissions decisions. The GMAT exam – created by the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC), the global non-profit council of business schools – sets the standard for its ability to predict success in the classroom. The GMAT exam measures the skills you have and the skills schools need. Showcase the skills that matter most – to schools and businesses – with the GMAT exam's unique Integrated Reasoning section. Decades of research confirm that the GMAT exam is a valid and reliable predictor of your academic performance in today’s graduate management programs. The GMAT exam is relied on more by graduate business schools worldwide. The GMAT exam works – for you and them – and is accepted by more programs and schools than any other individual graduate management school exam. The GMAT exam is available when you’re ready to take it. Testing is available around the world in state-of-the-art facilities designed to provide an unparalleled test-taking experience so that you can perform your best. Criteria Description Brief Description Graduate Management Admission Test(GMAT) is a computer adaptive test created by the Graduate Management Admission Council(GMAC) Required by Most of the Business schools Sections 1. Analytical writing 2. Integrated Reasoning 3. Quantitative 4. Verbal Structure of the exam Analytical writing consists of 1 essay. This is followed by Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative and Verbal sections. The order is fixed in GMAT. Details of each section 1. Analytical writing 1 Essay: Analysis of an argument, 30 mins Details of each section 2. Quantitative 75 mins, 37 questions Two main types of questions – Problem solving and data sufficiency. Algebra, Geometry and arithmetic knowledge tested Details of each section 3. Verbal 75 mins, 41 questions Assess Reading comprehension, critical reasoning and sentence correction Details of each section 4. Integrated reasoning 30 mins, 12 questions 4 question types: table analysis, graphics interpretation, multi-source reasoning, and two-part analysis Computer Adaptive Yes (Adjusting to a test taker’s level of ability) Grading Analytical writing (Scale of 6) IR section: 0-8 Quant and Verbal sections: 0-60 Cost of the test $250 Validity of scores 5 years Test duration 3.5 hours Times it can be taken in a year 5 times Tests for English Proficiency IELTS is the International English Language Testing System IELTS is the International English Language Testing System which tests English proficiency across the globe. Conducting 2 million tests in the past year, IELTS is the world's most popular high stakes English-language test for study, work and migration. Academic or General Training IELTS is available in two test formats – Academic or General Training – and provides a valid and accurate assessment of the four language skills: listening, reading, writing and speaking. The IELTS test assesses your abilities in listening, reading, writing and speaking – in less than three hours. There are two types of the IELTS test: IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training. Listening and Speaking are the same for both tests, but the subject matter of the Reading and Writing components differs depending on which test you take. The Listening, Reading and Writing components of all IELTS tests are completed on the same day, with no breaks in between them. The Speaking component, however, can be completed up to a week before or after the other tests. Your test centre will advise. The total test time is 2 hours and 45 minutes. Details of the IELTS Test IELTS Listening description Paper element Description Paper format Four sections, each with ten questions. The questions are designed so that the answers appear in order in the listening. The first two sections deal with situations set in everyday social contexts. There is a conversation between two speakers in Section 1 (for example, a conversation about travel arrangements) and a monologue in Section 2 (for example, a speech about local facilities). The final two sections deal with situations set in educational and training contexts. In Section 3 there is a conversation between two main speakers (for example, two university students in discussion, perhaps guided by a tutor), and Section 4 is a monologue on an academic subject. The recordings are heard once only. They include a range of accents, including British, Australian, New Zealand and American. Timing Approximately 30 minutes (plus 10 minutes' transfer time). No. of questions 40 Task types A variety of questions is used, chosen from the following types: multiple choice, matching, plan/map/diagram labelling, form/note/table/flow-chart/summary completion, sentence completion. Answering During the Listening test test takers write their answers on the question paper as they listen and at the end of the test are given 10 minutes to transfer their answers to an answer sheet. Care should be taken when writing answers on the answer sheet as poor spelling and grammar are penalised. Marks All questions carry 1 mark. IELTS Listening in detail Task type 1 – Multiple choice Task type and format In this task type, there is a question followed by three possible answers, or the beginning of a sentence followed by three possible sentence endings. Test takers are required to choose the one correct answer A, B or C. Sometimes test takers are given a longer list of possible answers and told that they have to choose more than one. In this case they should read the question carefully to check how many answers are required. Task focus This task type is used to test a wide range of skills. It may require the test taker to have a detailed understanding of specific points or an overall understanding of the main points of the listening text. No. of questions Variable Task type 2 – Matching Task type and format In this task type, test takers are required to match a numbered list of items from the listening text to a set of options on the question paper. The set of options may be criteria of some kind. Many variations of this task type are possible with regards the type of options to be matched. Task focus This task type assesses the skill of listening for detail. It assesses whether a test taker can understand information given in a conversation on an everyday topic such as different types of hotel or guest house accommodation. It also assesses the ability to follow a conversation involving interaction between two people. It may also be used to assess test takers’ ability to recognise relationships and connections between facts in the listening text. No. of questions Variable Task type 3 – Plan, map, diagram labelling Task type and format In this task type, test takers are required to complete labels on a visual. The answers are usually selected from a list on the question paper. The visual may be: a diagram (e.g. a piece of equipment), a set of pictures, a plan (e.g. of a building), a map (e.g. of part of a town). Task focus This task type assesses the ability to understand, for example, a description of a place, and to relate this to a visual representation. This may include being able to follow language expressing spatial relationships and directions (e.g. straight on/through the far door). No. of questions Variable Task type 4 – Form, note, table, flow-chart, summary completion Task type and format In this task type, test takers are required to fill in gaps in an outline of part or of all of the listening text. The outline will focus on the main ideas/facts in the text. It may be: 1) a form: often used to record factual details such as names; 2) a set of notes: used to summarise any type of information using the layout to show how different items relate to one another, 3) a table: used as a way of summarising information which relates to clear categories – e.g. place/time/price, 4) a flow-chart: used to summarise a process which has clear stages, with the direction of the process shown by arrows. Test takers may have to: a) select their answers from a list on the question paper; b) identify the missing words from the recording which fit into the form/notes, etc. In this case, they should keep to the word limit stated in the instructions. Test takers do not have to change the words from the recording in any way. Test takers should read the instructions very carefully as the number of words or numbers they should use to fill the gaps will vary. A word limit is given, for example, ‘NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER’. Test takers are penalised for writing more than the stated number of words, and test takers should check this word limit carefully for each task. Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words. Task focus This task type focuses on the main points which a listener would naturally record in this type of situation. No. of questions Variable Task type 5 – Sentence completion Task type and format In this task type, test takers are required to read a set of sentences summarising key information from all the listening text or from one part of it. They have to complete a gap in each sentence using information from the listening text. A word limit is given, for example, ‘NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER’. Test takers are penalised for writing more than the stated number of words. (Test takers should check this word limit carefully for each task: the limit is either ONE, TWO or THREE words). Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words. Task focus This task type focuses on the ability to identify the key information in a listening text. Test takers have to understand functional relationships such as cause and effect. No. of questions Variable Task type 6 – Short-answer questions Task type and format In this task type, test takers are required to read a question to which they have to write a short answer using information from the listening text. A word limit is given, for example, ‘NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER’. Test takers are penalised for writing more than the stated number of words. (Test takers should check this word limit carefully for each task.) Contracted words will not be tested. Hyphenated words count as single words. Sometimes test takers are given a question which asks them to list two or three points. Task focus This task type focuses on the ability to listen for concrete facts – such as places, prices or times – given in the listening text. No. of questions Variable IELTS Listening – how it's marked The Listening test is marked by certificated markers, who are regularly monitored to ensure reliability. After marking at the test centre, all answer sheets are returned to Cambridge English Language Assessment for analysis. Band score conversion A Band Score conversion table is produced for each version of the Listening test which translates scores out of 40 into the IELTS 9-band scale. Scores are reported in whole bands and half bands. One mark is awarded for each correct answer in the 40-item test. A confidential Band Score conversion table is produced for each version of the Listening test, which translates scores out of 40 into the IELTS 9-band scale. Scores are reported in whole and half bands. Care should be taken when writing answers on the answer sheet as poor spelling and grammar are penalised. TOEFL – Test of English as a Foreign Language The TOEFL test is the most widely respected English-language test in the world, recognized by more than 9,000 colleges, universities and agencies in more than 130 countries, including Australia, Canada, the U.K. and the United States. Wherever you want to study, the TOEFL test can help you get there. About the TOEFL iBT® Test The TOEFL iBT® test, delivered via the Internet, is an important part of your journey to study in an English-speaking country. In addition to the test, the ETS TOEFL® Program provides tools and guides to help you prepare for the test and improve your English-language skills. What Is the TOEFL iBT Test? The TOEFL iBT test measures your ability to use and understand English at the university level. And it evaluates how well you combine your listening, reading, speaking and writing skills to perform academic tasks. Details of the TOEFL iBT Test TOEFL iBT Test Sections Section Time Limit Questions Tasks Reading 60–80 minutes 36–56 questions Read 3 or 4 passages from academic texts and answer questions. Listening 60–90 minutes 34–51 questions Listen to lectures, classroom discussions and conversations, then answer questions. Break 10 minutes — — Speaking 20 minutes 6 tasks Express an opinion on a familiar topic; speak based on reading and listening tasks. Writing 50 minutes 2 tasks Write essay responses based on reading and listening tasks; support an opinion in writing. The test you take may include extra questions in the Reading or Listening section that do not count toward your score. These are either questions that enable ETS to make test scores comparable across administrations or new questions that help ETS determine how such questions function under actual testing conditions. Please read the timing instructions for the Reading Section carefully. The instructions will indicate how many passages you will receive and the amount of time you have to respond to questions for those passages. Be sure to pace yourself so that you have time to answer all the questions. A standard English language (QWERTY) computer keyboard is used for the test. We recommend that you practice typing on a QWERTY keyboard before taking the test. Who Takes the TOEFL® Test? More than 30 million people from all over the world have taken the TOEFL® test to demonstrate their English-language proficiency. The average English skill level ranges between Intermediate and Advanced. • Students planning to study at a higher education institution • English-language learning program admissions and exit • Scholarship and certification candidates • English-language learners who want to track their progress • Students and workers applying for visas Taking the test The TOEFL test has more test dates (over 50 per year) and locations than any other English-language test in the world. You can retake the test as many times as you wish, but you cannot take it more than once in a 12-day period. If you already have a test appointment, you cannot register for another test date that is within 12 days of your existing appointment. The cost of the test varies between countries. Check the official website for detailed information on the on registration, fees, test dates and locations. Click Here About the TOEFL® PBT Test The TOEFL® test is a key step in your journey to study in an English-speaking country. The TOEFL® PBT test, administered in a paper-delivered format, is currently offered only in locations where testing via the Internet is not available. Details of the TOEFL PBT Test The TOEFL PBT test has three sections plus the TWE writing test, all of which are mandatory. At least one question in each section must be answered and one essay must be written to earn a score. Section Description Time Limit No. of Questions Listening Comprehension Measures the ability to understand spoken English 30-40 minutes 50 Structure and Written Expression Measures the ability to recognize language appropriate for standard written English 25 minutes 40 Reading Comprehension Measures the ability to understand non-technical reading material 55 minutes 50 TWE® Test Measures the ability to write in English 30 minutes 1 topic 97 percent of TOEFL test takers worldwide take the TOEFL iBT® test and access continues to expand. Also, the TOEFL iBT test is desired by universities because it measures all four communication skills — reading, listening, speaking, and writing. ETS remains committed to providing access for anyone who wants to take the TOEFL test. Please be assured that ETS is making every effort to ensure that individuals living in areas where testing via the Internet is not available will be able to test. The TOEFL PBT test is a paper-delivered test that measures your ability to use and understand English in a classroom setting at the college or university level. It accurately measures how well you can listen, read and write in English while performing academic tasks. The cost of the TOEFL PBT test is US$170. Scores remain valid for 2 years after your test date. PTE – ACADEMIC PTE Academic assesses the real-life English skills you will need at university and living abroad. Not only do we assess speaking, listening, reading and writing, but we test in an integrated way that reflects real-life settings, as well as testing academic skills. PTE Academic is the world's leading computer-based test of English for study abroad and immigration. Typically, PTE Academic results are available within five business days. PTE Academic typically delivers results in five business days, so you don't need to worry about waiting for results. We run test sessions 363 days of the year, at one of over 200 locations worldwide, so you can choose a time and place that suits you. The test is approved by the Australian Government for visa applications and accepted by thousands of institutions in the UK, Australia, USA, Canada, New Zealand, and Ireland, including Harvard, Yale and INSEAD. Details of the PTE Test PTE Academic assesses listening, reading, speaking and writing all via computer in a single 3 hour test session. To complete a PTE Academic test, you will need to attend a secure Pearson test centre. You will use a computer and headset to listen to, read and respond to questions. During the three-hour test session there will be three main parts to the test: speaking and writing (together), listening and reading. There are twenty different question formats, ranging from multiple choice through to essay writing and interpreting information. TEST FORMAT: PART 1: SPEAKING & WRITING (77 – 93 minutes) • Personal Introduction • Read aloud • Repeat sentence • Describe image • Re-tell lecture • Answer short question • Summarize written text • Essay (20mins) PART 2: READING (32 – 41 minutes) • Fill in the blanks • Multiple choice questions • Re-order paragraphs • Fill in the blanks • Multiple choice questions A ten minute break is optional PART 3: LISTENING (45 – 57 minutes) • Summarize spoken text • Multiple choice questions • Fill the blanks • Highlight the correct summary • Multiple choice questions • Select missing word • Highlight incorrect words • Write from dictation PTE Academic assesses real-life, academic content, so you will hear excerpts from lectures and view graphs and charts. You will hear a range of accents in the test, from British and American to non-native speakers, so you will be exposed to the type of accents you will encounter in everyday life. Some interesting Facts about PTE • PTE Academic is a fair test. Our highly accurate computer marking means consistent scores and no potential for examiner bias. • PTE Academic is secure. Give universities confidence in your score: palm-vein scanning, randomised test forms and data forensics ensure universities know your test score is really yours, and mean that your score is safe. • PTE Academic tests real-life language. Prepare for life abroad as you listen to university lectures and respond to questions about life on campus with our real-life test of academic English. • PTE Academic is unlimited. You can send your scores to as many institutions as you choose - there are no additional fees for extra score reports. Preparing for PTE For the ultimate preparation, we recommend the PTE Academic online scored practice test. A three-hour, computer-based mock test, the online scored practice test delivers a score report at the end, so you can see which areas to improve. With the PTE Academic online scored practice test, you can: • Find out your predicted PTE Academic score • Get used to the PTE Academic test format • Make sure you are ready for taking a computerised test • The scored practice test comes in a Gold preparation kit, which offers two practice tests and PTE Academic online sample questions, with savings of over $20.